Human rights violations are still rampant in India even after being independent for more than seven decades. The constitution of India guarantees social, religious and cultural freedom. It also recognises the education, privacy as our fundamental right. We also have right against exploitation and the freedom of expression. It also assures that each and every citizen is equal in front of the law. These constitutional guarantees are being broken; we should work towards upholding them.
The current situation of the country is such that the violation of human rights seems to be sponsored by the government and the system. The government & the governing system have been nurturing & encouraging the human right violations. The moment the political wing of the RSS, BJP came into the power, the vigour by which the Sangh Parivar violates the basic human rights have been increased dramatically. The Sangh Parivar refers to Hindu nationalist organizations started by the members of RSS which includes ABVP, VHP, Bajrang Dal etc. The people from the backward communities which form the majority of this nation as well as the people from the minority religions are living in the constant state of fear. The freedom of the poor minorities are being snatched away with the acts like AFSPA & UAPA. Many innocent Muslim youths are languishing behind the bars due to these unconstitutional laws. It is estimated that around 6 people die every day in judicial custody. People accused of terrorism are released proven to be innocent but not before serving about 20 to 25 years in jail. The precious years of their lives are wasted in the dark cellars. The atrocities on women by the military personnel stationed in Jammu Kashmir & North eastern states have become very common. In the name of subduing terrorism, many innocent citizens are shot dead, while many more are living in dark due to pellet guns. In the year 2015, a total of 3,27,394 atrocities on women were reported. Out of which 34,651 were the cases of rape. Apparently in this country, in every five minutes, a Dalit woman gets raped. Led by Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh, the incidence of rape registered a sharp increase in India in 2016. According to NCRB report Uttar Pradesh, the largest state in this country, is the most dangerous state to live in with highest number of murders and atrocities on women. UP stands first with 4,889 murders, while Bihar with 2,581 murders stands in second place. Uttar Pradesh also has the dishonor of leading in the number of crimes against women, a total of 49,262 cases were recorded which is 14.5% of the total cases of crimes against women. West Bengal follows it with 9.6%(32,513) of the total cases. Humiliating one based on ones caste is a tactic employed to prevent the backward classes from improving socially & educationally. Rohit Vemula’s suicide is a tragic example for this. Those who speak against the government are christened as anti nationals. Social activists and rationalists like Gauri Lankesh, Govind Pansare, Dr M.M. Kalburgi amd Narendra Dabolkar were shot killed by the hindutwa forces.
The constitution of this country guarantees anyone aged above 18 to choose the religion of their choice and to marry someone of their choice. But Hadiya was deprived from her fundamental rights. She was apprehended illegally for 11 months. The high court itself annulled her lawful marriage. Like Hadiya, many men and women who have converted to other religion on their own are being forced physically and mentally harassed in the name of Ghar Vapsi.
Communal violence is increasing in the name of religion. Based on incidents occurring in the last three years, it is abundantly clear that rate of such violence have increased. These have left many families orphan and have resulted in the increase in poverty and unemployment. In the name of Mining, industrialization & development, the tribes living near forests are forced to evacuate from their houses. To justify attack on them they are tagged as naxal. They are killed in fake encounters. Apart from Ishrath Jahan at Gujarath, many were killed in fake encounters in Bhopal, Hashimpur, Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh & Chathisgarh. Women are either directly or indirectly the victims of all the above mentioned human rights violations. The number of widows and orphans are increasing in this nation. The women need to know about their rights, laws and freedom. Voices must be raised on behalf of these women. They should be assisted and empowered. Meanwhile the forcesworking against women should be identified.
International Human Rights Day is observed on 10 December throughout the world. On its behalf, National Women’s Front will organize multiple programs with the intention of raising awareness about the Human rights. National Women’s Front activists will conduct seminars, awareness programs and distribute handbills throughout the nation to spread the word across.